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10 Weeks on the Trinity: Glory to the Triune God – Evaluating EFS

In this week’s lecture, Matthew Barrett tackles a new and novel evangelical view of the Trinity – the eternal functional subordination of the Son (EFS). In this view, EFS has redefined the Trinity in the form of a community or society, one that is the paradigm or prototype for human society. What kind of society? A society of functional hierarchy. The Father is given the seat of utmost authority and even supreme glory over the Son and the Spirit. The Son’s submission to the Father occurs within the immanent Trinity and is even said to be person defining, flowing from eternal generation.

EFS claims that Jesus is equal to the Father in essence but submissive in role or function, but can this dichotomy between role and essence hold up to scrutiny, especially within the immanent life of God? If the Son is begotten from the Father’s essence, how can EFS keep subordination out of the divine essence itself? And if there is a functional hierarchy within the immanent Trinity how can EFS avoid multiple wills within the Godhead? Barrett argues that if we are truly pro-nicene then inseparable operations cannot be a mere cooperation between three persons. Rather, every act of God must be the single act of the triune God. As soon as you insert gradations of authority into the imminent Trinity, you forfeit the single will of God.

In this video, Barrett exposes the Achilles’ Heel of EFS, demonstrates the novelty of the movement when compared to scripture and historic Christian orthodoxy, and reveals not only theological but hermeneutical missteps that come dangerously close to trinitarian heresies. In the end, Barrett encourages us to be faithful to the biblical, orthodox Trinity instead of redefining the Trinity in the image of our own society.

Join Dr. Barrett to learn key trinitarian concepts, which can safeguard us from future Trinity drift and help us find our way home to a biblical and orthodox understanding of the Trinity. Sign up for the full course through the For the Church Institute. And if you enjoy this first lecture then read chapter 8 of his book, Simply Trinity: The Unmanipulated Father, Son, and Spirit (Baker).

Unit 8: Introduction and Lecture



Matthew Barrett

Matthew Barrett is the author of Simply Trinity: The Unmanipulated Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Baker), coming this March (2021). He is the founder and executive editor of Credo Magazine and host of the Credo podcast. He is associate professor of Christian theology at Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, and the author of several books, including Canon, Covenant and Christology; None Greater: The Undomesticated Attributes of God; and God’s Word Alone.

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